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플랜트엔지니어링 조직의 프로젝트관리역량 평가모델 및 향상방안 연구

A Study on Project Management Competence Assessment Model and Improvement for Plant Engineering Organization

민승기 (Seung-Ki Min, 포항공과대학교)

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초록 moremore
Recently, Korean plant engineering companies have grown sharply by winning overseas contracts especially in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. But, the profitability of the overseas Engineering, Procurement, Construction (EPC) plant projects deteriorates due to several reasons such as ove...
Recently, Korean plant engineering companies have grown sharply by winning overseas contracts especially in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. But, the profitability of the overseas Engineering, Procurement, Construction (EPC) plant projects deteriorates due to several reasons such as over-competition and lack of project management competences to deal with the complex EPC projects. Therefore, the improvement of project management competences is strongly required in proportion to the development of the large-scale EPC projects. This paper presents the assessment model for project management competences and the suggestion for improvement for plant engineering companies. The model is basically founded on several standards of Project Management Institute (PMI) internationally recognized. The assessment items consist of individual competences such as technical engineering knowledge, project management knowledge, personality, performance and organizational competences such as strategic decision making, functional practices. A case study is carried out in order to validate the application of the suggested model and measure each competence level. The case study reveals the individual technical knowledge has a positive effect on the individual performance competence. Similarly, the individual performance affects the organizational functional competence in terms of schedule and cost management. And the average rating of overall project management competences is 2.75 (level 2 out of 4), that there are still substantial opportunities for improvement of the competences. A corporate operation plan for Project Management Office (PMO) appropriate to the plant engineering companies is suggested to improve the project management competences of both individual and organizational level. The PMO proposed in the plan performs not only direct monitoring and management of projects, but also as a role of control tower for planning and execution of improving the competences. The assessment model suggested in this study provides a comparative analysis on project management competences in both individual and organizational aspects, and helps the corporate management identify current level of each competence and decide the components of competence into which are required to be put time and cost for further improvements.
목차 moremore
Abstract I
목차 III
표목차 V
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Abstract I
목차 III
표목차 V
그림목차 VII
1 서론 1
1.1 연구의 배경 1
1.2 연구의 목적 및 방법 5
1.3 논문의 구성 7
2 이론적 배경 8
2.1 프로젝트관리와 플랜트엔지니어링 8
2.1.1 프로젝트의 정의 8
2.1.2 프로젝트관리의 정의 9
2.1.3 프로젝트관리 프로세스와 지식영역 11
2.1.4 프로젝트관리에 대한 조직구조의 영향 19
2.1.5 플랜트와 플랜트엔지니어링 24
2.2 프로젝트관리자 역량 27
2.2.1 프로젝트관리자 역량의 정의 27
2.2.2 프로젝트관리자 역량의 구성요소 28
2.3 프로젝트관리 성숙도 32
2.3.1 프로젝트관리 성숙도의 정의 32
2.3.2 프로젝트관리 성숙도 모델 32
3 프로젝트관리역량 평가 연구설계 44
3.1 프로젝트관리역량 평가의 구성 44
3.1.1 프로젝트관리 개인역량 평가의 구성 44
3.1.2 프로젝트관리 조직역량 평가의 구성 50
3.1.3 프로젝트관리역량 평가모델 52
3.1.4 프로젝트관리역량 수준별 특성 53
3.2 연구방법 56
3.2.1 평가모델의 적용: 사례연구 56
3.2.2 평가모델의 적절성 검증 59
4 연구결과 및 프로젝트관리역량 향상방안 61
4.1 표본의 일반적 특성 61
4.2 타당성 검정, 신뢰도 분석 및 회귀분석 62
4.2.1 타당성 검정 62
4.2.2 신뢰도 분석 66
4.2.3 회귀분석 69
4.3 프로젝트관리역량 측정결과 76
4.4 프로젝트관리 개인역량 향상방안 80
4.4.1 PMCDF의 프로젝트관리자 역량개발 프로세스 80
4.4.2 프로젝트관리 개인역량 향상방안 81
4.5 프로젝트관리 조직역량 향상방안 84
4.5.1 OPM3의 프로젝트관리 성숙도 개선 사이클 84
4.5.2 프로젝트관리 조직역량 향상방안 86
4.6 프로젝트관리역량 향상의 주체: PMO 88
4.6.1 PMO 88
4.6.2 PMO와 프로젝트성과 92
4.6.3 플랜트엔지니어링 조직의 PMO 94
5 결론 98
5.1 연구결과의 요약 98
5.2 연구의 의의 100
5.3 향후 연구방향 101
참고문헌 102
부록 106
A. 설문지 106